Now monasteries from various Buddhist schools
of thought and interpretation fought amongst themselves for superiority.
After the Mongolian Yuan dynasty had come to power
in China in the 13th century, the Khan sent a troop to Tibet to find and
choose a leader with whom one could negotiate - and one began to regard
the religious Tibetan leader highly. Lamaism with its tendency towards
shamanistic practices was much more suited to the great Mongolian Khans
- who, like the Tibetans came from a nature-loving background - than the
completely abstract and purely philosophical Chan Buddhism (Zen) of the
Chinese. Soon close relationships were built.
The Mongolians incorporated Tibet into their extremely
and comprehensively detailed, and well-structured administration. It was
planned that the neighbouring Song kingdom, which had split off from the
great Chinese empire during the Mongolian onslaught and now laid claim
to being the real "Middle realm" - would be attacked from here.
On the basis of this tradition - after all, the Tibetan
leaders had formerly recognised the "Chinese" sovereignty -
it came to pass that under the leadership of the famous Ming dynasty (1368-1644)
and the Mandschu (1644-1911), China now laid claim to the sovereignty
of Tibet. The Mandschu hereby took advantage of the fact that in 1717
the Dsungaren invaded Tibet. The Chinese kingdom "liberated"
Llhasa and from this time on regarded Tibet as a "protectorate".